Knee Arthritis

Knee arthritis is inflammation and deterioration of knee joint cartilage. It is a degenerative, wear-and-tear type of arthritis that causes pain, swelling and stiffness. Osteoarthritis is the most common type.

Knee Arthritis
Knee Arthritis
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Your Guide to Understanding Knee Arthritis

What is Knee Arthritis?

Knee arthritis, also known as knee osteoarthritis, is a degenerative joint condition characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in the knee joint. This can lead to symptoms such as pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased mobility. Over time, knee arthritis can progressively worsen, impacting daily activities and quality of life for affected individuals.

How can Physiotherapy help treat Knee Arthritis?

Physiotherapists play a crucial role in the management of knee arthritis by devising personalized exercise programs to improve joint flexibility, strength, and function. Additionally, they may utilize modalities such as heat or ice therapy, manual therapy techniques, and provide education on activity modification and joint protection strategies.

By working closely with physiotherapists, individuals with knee arthritis can experience reduced pain, improved mobility, and enhanced overall quality of life.

What causes Knee Arthritis?

Knee arthritis is commonly caused by factors such as aging, previous knee injury or trauma, obesity, genetic predisposition, overuse of the knee joint, and certain occupational or sports-related activities that place repetitive stress on the knees. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or metabolic disorders can also contribute to the development of knee arthritis.

What treatments might help Knee Arthritis?

Treatment for knee arthritis aims to alleviate pain, improve joint function, and enhance overall quality of life. It often includes a combination of non-invasive approaches such as physical therapy, exercise, weight management, and the use of assistive devices like knee braces. Medications, such as pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, may be prescribed to manage symptoms. In some cases, corticosteroid injections can provide relief. For individuals with severe arthritis, surgical options like joint replacement or realignment may be considered.

Signs of Knee Arthritis:

Common signs of knee arthritis include pain, swelling, stiffness, and a decreased range of motion in the affected joint. Individuals may also experience a grinding sensation during movement, as well as weakness or instability in the knee. These symptoms often worsen after periods of inactivity or prolonged use.

Symptoms of Knee Arthritis:

Knee arthritis often manifests through several distinct symptoms. Individuals commonly experience pain, particularly during activities or after extended periods of inactivity. Swelling and inflammation around the knee joint are also prevalent symptoms. Stiffness may make it challenging to fully bend or straighten the knee, while a decreased range of motion can hinder daily activities. Weakness or instability in the knee and a grinding or crunching sensation during movement are also typical indicators of knee arthritis.

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Chiropractic
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Naturopathy
Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy
Chiropractic
Chiropractic
Chiropractic
Physiotherapy
Naturopathy
Naturopathy
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When is the right time to see a Physiotherapist for Knee Arthritis?

The optimal time to consult a physiotherapist for knee arthritis is as soon as possible, particularly if the pain is severe, persistent, or significantly affects daily activities. Physiotherapy and exercise are key components of conservative management for knee osteoarthritis, aiming to improve joint flexibility, strength, and function.

Meet our Lead Registered Physiotherapist

Brittany Pereira

Brittany Pereira

Registered Physiotherapist

Registered Physiotherapist with a degree from the University of Toronto

Brittany enjoys working with patients across age groups and backgrounds to help them move better, get stronger, understand their bodies and ultimately, feel more confident. She combines her knowledge and clinical experience to best serve her patients.

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Physiotherapist Brittany Pereira working with client at Anchor Health and Performance Clinic Mississauga
Interior Lobby at Anchor Health and Performance Clinic in Mississauga